What Is Unoprostone Ophthalmic Solution Used For?
Your healthcare provider may recommend using unoprostone ophthalmic solution if you have high pressure in the eye (ocular hypertension) or open angle glaucoma. This drug is applied to the eye and works by increasing the amount of fluid that drains from the eye. This eye drop may sometimes be prescribed "off-label" (for an unapproved use), such as for certain types of macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa.
Unoprostone ophthalmic solution (Rescula®) is a prescription eye medication. It is approved to lower eye pressure in people with the following conditions:
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve. There are several different types of glaucoma (see Types of Glaucoma). Of the different types, open angle glaucoma is the most common. With open angle glaucoma, eye pressure (known as intraocular pressure) increases slowly over time, gradually damaging the optic nerve.
The optic nerve is the bundle of nerve fibers at the rear of the eye that carry visual images from the retina to the brain. A healthy optic nerve is necessary for good vision. If the optic nerve is damaged, vision loss can occur. Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States.
The symptoms of glaucoma can vary, depending on the type of glaucoma a person has. For open angle glaucoma, there are usually no symptoms in the beginning and vision stays normal. However, as the condition progresses, a person may experience a gradual loss of side vision (peripheral vision), narrowed vision, and, if left untreated, eventually blindness. Once symptoms begin, significant damage has already occurred.
(Click on Glaucoma Symptoms for more information about the symptoms of this condition.)
Treatment for glaucoma will depend on the specific type of glaucoma. In general, the goal of treatment is to reduce pressure in the eye. Although there is no cure for open angle glaucoma, treatment can help control symptoms and delay progression of the disease.
Glaucoma medication, in the form of eye drops or pills, is the most common early treatment option for glaucoma. Surgery may also be used (see Glaucoma Surgery and Glaucoma Laser Surgery to learn more).
Unoprostone ophthalmic solution is one of several medications available for the treatment of glaucoma. It can be used alone or in combination with other glaucoma medications. The drug is used twice a day, which can be a disadvantage to people who prefer once-a-day dosing.