What Is Timolol Used For?
Timolol is used for treating various conditions, depending on the form of the medication. The tablets are approved for preventing migraines, treating high blood pressure, and reducing the risk of future heart attacks and heart-related death in people who have had a heart attack. The eyedrops are used for treating high eye pressure and open angle glaucoma.
An Introduction to Timolol UsesTimolol (Betimol®, Blocadren®, Istalol®, Timoptic®) is a prescription beta blocker medication. The different forms are approved for different uses.
- Preventing migraine headaches
- Treating high blood pressure (known medically as hypertension)
- Reducing the risk of future heart attacks and heart-related death in people who have had a heart attack.
In clinical studies, timolol tablets have been shown to significantly lower both systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Studies have also shown that taking the drug after a heart attack reduces the risk of death (especially heart-related death) and repeat heart attacks. In addition, research has shown that timolol can help prevent migraine headaches. In studies, about 50 percent of people taking it reduced the frequency of their migraines by at least 50 percent.
Uses for Timolol EyedropsThe eyedrop forms of timolol (Betimol, Istalol, and Timoptic) are approved to help lower eye pressure in people with the following conditions:
- Open angle glaucoma
- High eye pressure (known medically as ocular hypertension).
Glaucoma is a group of diseases sharing certain features, such as:
- High pressure within the eye (intraocular pressure)
- Damage to the optic nerve
- Loss of peripheral (side) vision
- Blindness (in certain cases).
Of all the different types, open angle glaucoma is by far the most common (see Types of Glaucoma).
Not everyone with high eye pressure has glaucoma, although high eye pressure can lead to it. Effectively treating increased eye pressure can help prevent glaucoma.
Although there is no cure for open angle glaucoma, symptoms can usually be controlled. The most common treatments are:
- Medications such as timolol (see Glaucoma Medications)
- Traditional surgery (see Glaucoma Surgery)
- Laser surgery (see Glaucoma Laser Surgery).