If you are going to have cataract surgery, your healthcare provider may have you use Prolensa to help reduce inflammation and pain following the surgery. This prescription medicine is a type of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). It may also be used to reduce inflammation following other types of eye surgery, although this is an unapproved use.
Prolensa™ (bromfenac ophthalmic solution) is a prescription eye drop medicine approved to treat postoperative (post-surgery) inflammation and reduce pain in people who have had cataract surgery. It belongs to a group of medicines known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or simply NSAIDs for short.
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye. It is a common occurrence of aging. In fact, most people in the United States have a cataract or have had cataract surgery by the time they are 80 years old. However, not all cataracts are due to aging, and several things can increase the risk for cataract formation, including eye injury, eye surgery, or certain health conditions like diabetes (see Cataract Types and Cataract Causes for information about other risk factors for cataract development).
The lens is the clear part of the eye that lies behind the iris. Its job is to focus light onto the retina at the back of the eye, where an image is recorded. In order to do this properly, the lens needs to be clear. If the lens is cloudy, the resulting image will appear blurry.
In addition to causing blurry vision, cataracts can lead to other problems (see Cataract Symptoms). For example, because cataracts reduce your vision, having cataracts may increase your risk for falling down and breaking a bone. Cataracts can also affect your quality of life.
Cataract surgery is an effective treatment used to remove a cataract and improve vision. Not everyone with cataracts needs surgery, but surgery may be useful for people who find their loss of vision from cataracts is affecting their everyday activities and quality of life. During cataract surgery, the cloudy lens is removed, and replaced with an artificial lens.
Prolensa eye drops are used to reduce pain and swelling that can occur from cataract surgery. They are normally started one day prior to the surgery, and used the day of the surgery and for two weeks following the surgery. Prolensa should only be used as prescribed; using the drops for longer than recommended may increase the risk for other eye problems.