As mentioned previously, Prolensa belongs to a group of medications called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). NSAIDs work by blocking an enzyme known as cyclooxygenase (COX). The COX enzyme is responsible for the production of substances in the body known as prostaglandins.
Prostaglandins have a variety of functions in the body. One of the things they do is to activate an inflammatory response, including inflammation in the eye, and cause pain. By blocking the production of prostaglandins, Prolensa reduces inflammation and pain.
Prolensa is given as an eye drop, and works directly in the eye. Very little, if any, of the drug is absorbed from the eye into the body with normal use.
Prolensa has not been adequately studied in children, and is not approved for use in individuals younger than 18 years old. Talk to your child's healthcare provider about the particular risks and benefits of using this medicine in children.
Older adults can use Prolensa. Individuals older than age 70 are expected to respond to and tolerate the medication no differently than those younger than 70.