A healthcare provider may prescribe Ocufen for use before eye surgery. This medication is a type of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), and it is used to prevent the pupil from constricting during surgery. It comes in the form of an eye drop; typically, it is used every half an hour, starting two hours before surgery. Possible side effects may include eye burning, stinging, and irritation.
Ocufen® (flurbiprofen ophthalmic) is a prescription medication used to prevent the pupil from constricting (becoming smaller) during eye surgery. It belongs to a group of medicines known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Ocufen is made by Allergan, Inc.
As mentioned previously, Ocufen belongs to a group of medications called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). NSAIDs work by blocking an enzyme known as cyclooxygenase (COX). The COX enzyme is essential for the production of substances in the body known as prostaglandins.
Prostaglandins have a variety of functions in the body. Most notably, they are involved in activating an inflammatory response. They also play a role in the miosis that occurs during eye surgery by constricting the muscle of the iris and causing the pupil to become smaller. Because Ocufen blocks the production of prostaglandins, it helps prevent miosis from occurring during eye surgery.
Some general considerations to keep in mind during treatment include the following:
- Ocufen comes in the form of an eye drop that is normally used every half an hour, starting two hours before surgery.
- To prevent contamination with bacteria, do not touch the tip of the dropper to any surface, including your eye.
- For the medication to work properly, it must be used as prescribed. Using more drops than prescribed will not make the medication more effective, and may cause side effects.