As mentioned previously, Ocufen belongs to a group of medications called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). NSAIDs work by blocking an enzyme known as cyclooxygenase (COX). The COX enzyme is essential for the production of substances in the body known as prostaglandins.
Prostaglandins have a variety of functions in the body. Most notably, they are involved in activating an inflammatory response. They also play a role in the miosis that occurs during eye surgery by constricting the muscle of the iris and causing the pupil to become smaller. Because Ocufen blocks the production of prostaglandins, it helps prevent miosis from occurring during eye surgery.
Ocufen is not approved for use in children, as it has not been adequately studied in this age group. Talk to your child's healthcare provider about the particular risks and benefits of using this medicine in a child.
Older adults can use Ocufen. In clinical trials, there were no differences in side effects or effectiveness between younger and older adults.
On occasion, your healthcare provider may recommend this medicine for something other than the use discussed in this article. This is called an "off-label" use. For example, Ocufen may sometimes be used off-label to reduce inflammation following eye surgery.