Researchers are not sure what exactly causes macular puckers. However, similar to a macular hole, a macular pucker is believed to be the result of:
- The vitreous pulling on the retina
- Certain eye conditions.
(Click Macular Pucker Causes for more information.)
While not causes of macular pucker, there are certain eye conditions that can increase a person's chance of developing the condition. These eye conditions are known as macular pucker risk factors, and they include:
- Vitreous detachment
- Increasing age
- Detached retina
- Inflammation of the eye (uveitis)
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Eye surgery
- Eye injury.
Most people with risk factors will not develop a macular pucker. And it is possible that people without risk factors will develop a macular pucker. If you are worried about a macular pucker, talk with your healthcare provider. He or she can advise you about symptoms to watch for and a schedule for regular eye exams.
Common symptoms of this condition can include:
- Vision loss
- Blurry vision
- Mildly distorted vision
- Difficulty seeing fine detail and reading small print
- Gray area in center of vision
- Blind spot.
Vision loss from a macular pucker can vary from no loss to severe loss, although severe vision loss is uncommon.
Other conditions can cause these symptoms. If you have possible symptoms of a macular pucker, you should see your healthcare provider so that the problem can be diagnosed and treated as quickly as possible.