Eyes Home > Macular Holes

When discussing macular holes, it's important to start by understanding what the macula is. The macula is the part of the retina that provides the sharp, central vision we need for reading, driving, and seeing small details. When there is a small tear in the macula, it is known as a macular hole. This condition can cause symptoms such as:
  • Slight distortion or blurriness in straight-ahead vision
  • Straight lines or objects look bent or wavy
  • Increased difficulty with reading and performing other routine tasks with the affected eye.
It should not be confused with macular degeneration, another eye condition with similar symptoms.
Many things increase your risk of a macular hole, such as an injury to the eye, extreme nearsightedness, and diabetic retinopathy. If you develop a macular hole, your eyecare professional may recommend a surgical procedure called a vitrectomy to help improve your vision.
(Click Macular Hole for a more in-depth description. This article discusses other risk factors, other names for the condition, and more.)
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Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
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