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Types of Detached Retina

There are three different detached retina types:
 
  • Rhegmatogenous
  • Tractional
  • Exudative.
     
A rhegmatogenous retinal detachment is the most common type.
 
(Click Detached Retina Types for more information.)
 

Causes and Risk Factors

In most cases, doctors are not sure why a person develops a detached retina, but they do know that certain factors increase the chances of a person developing it. These factors are known as detached retina risk factors.
 
These risk factors can include:
 
  • Older age -- a retinal detachment can occur at any age, but it is more common in people over age 40
  • Male gender
  • Caucasian ethnicity
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Severe high blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Diabetes
  • Certain eye conditions.
     
Eye conditions that put someone at risk for a detached retina include:
 
  • Nearsightedness
  • Retinal detachment in the other eye
  • Retinoschisis
  • Uveitis
  • Lattice degeneration
  • Cataract surgery
  • Family history of retinal detachment
  • Degenerative myopia
  • Eye injury.
     
(Click Causes of a Detached Retina for more information.)
 

Symptoms of a Detached Retina

Common symptoms of a detached retina include:
 
  • Floaters, which are little "cobwebs" or specks that float about in your field of vision
  • Light flashes in the eye
  • "Curtain" over the field of vision
  • Blurred vision
  • Partial or complete central or peripheral vision loss.
     
Pain is not a symptom of a detached retina.
 
These possible symptoms are not always a sure sign. However, a detached retina is a medical emergency. Anyone experiencing possible symptoms should see an eye care professional immediately.
 
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Last updated/reviewed:
List of references (click here):
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