Although there is no way to cure or reverse the effects of a cataract, prevention strategies can slow the rate at which a cataract forms or even prevent one from developing in the first place. Common cataract prevention methods include having regular eye exams, quitting smoking, and eating foods rich in antioxidants.
Cataract Prevention: An Overview
Currently, there is no cataract cure or way of reversing cataracts. But there are some things that you can do to possibly slow the rate at which cataracts form. In some cases, these strategies may even prevent cataracts from forming in the first place. Some of these possible cataract prevention measures can include:
- Regular eye exams
- Certain lifestyle and diet changes.
Regular Eye Exams
If you are over age 60, you should have a comprehensive eye examination at least once every two years. This exam should include dilating your pupils. This means drops are put into your eyes to enlarge your pupils.
Although a cataract can be detected without dilating your pupils, your eye care professional can see the back of your eye better using this procedure. Getting a good view of the retina and optic nerve is important in detecting eye diseases such as glaucoma, macular degeneration, or other vision problems. Early treatment for many eye diseases can save your sight.
Lifestyle and Diet Changes
Some lifestyle changes that delay the development of a cataract include:
- Wearing sunglasses and a hat with a brim to block ultraviolet sunlight
- Quitting smoking.
Cataract research scientists believe that good nutrition can help reduce the risk of age-related cataracts. They recommend eating green, leafy vegetables; fruit; and other foods high in antioxidants.