People who are going to have cataract surgery may be prescribed Bromday to help reduce eye pain and inflammation. This prescription medicine is a type of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that comes as an eye drop. Bromday is only approved for use in adults age 18 and older.
Bromday® (bromfenac ophthalmic solution) is a prescription medication approved to treat inflammation of the eye and reduce eye pain after cataract surgery. It comes in the form of an eye drop that is used in the affected eye(s). Bromday belongs to a group of medicines known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
A cataract is a clouding of the lens of the eye. The lens is the clear part of the eye behind the iris. It helps to focus light on the retina -- the layer of tissue in the back of the eye where images are recorded. When the lens is clear, images passed to the retina appear sharp and clear. However, if the lens is cloudy, images will appear blurry.
The lens of the eye clouds normally with age, and most cataracts develop due to this natural clouding. This type of cataract is often referred to as age-related cataracts. However, certain things can increase a person's risk for developing cataracts, including smoking, diabetes, and injury to the eye (see Cataract Types and Cataract Causes for information about other risk factors for cataract development).
Cataract formation is usually a slow, painless process. Early on, cataracts have little effect on a person's vision, and early symptoms are normally treated with nonsurgical methods, such as eyeglasses or brighter lighting (see Cataract Symptoms to learn more about the common symptoms of cataracts). As the cataract grows and vision impairment is more evident, surgery may be needed.
In most cases, delaying cataract surgery will not result in long-term damage to the eye. Therefore, surgery is usually not performed until the cataract is so severe that the loss of vision is interfering with a person's daily activities and quality of life.
Cataract surgery involves removing the cloudy lens, and replacing it with an artificial lens. It is a very common, safe, and effective procedure. Cataract surgery is performed as an outpatient procedure, which means you go home the same day. For most people, recovery time is minimal, and vision begins to improve fairly quickly.
(Click Cataract Surgery to learn more about the surgery, including possible benefits and complications.)
Bromday eye drops are used to reduce swelling and pain that can occur with cataract surgery. In clinical studies, close to 50 percent of people who used the medicine were free from swelling within 15 days after the surgery, and the majority were pain-free the day following their surgery. The medicine is normally started 1 day before the surgery, and continued for 14 days after the surgery. Using it for longer than recommended may increase the risk for developing other eye problems.